The Eurovision Song Contest 2016


The Eurovision Song Contest is an international competition with an annual cycle. It was broadcast first in 1951 and was established by the European Broadcast Union (EBU). The host of the Eurovision Song Contest is usually the former year’s winner’s country. So it’s most likely that the ESC 2017 will be organized in Kiev, Ukraine.

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“Lionsong” is the second song by Icelandic singer and musician Björk from her ninth studio album, Vulnicura. It was written and composed by Björk and features beats by Venezuelan musician Arca, who co-produced the track with her.

“Lionsong” was released as a promotional single to radio stations in some territories, including the US, by One Little Indian Records in late 2015 and received limited airplay in a shortened radio version.[1] Vulnicura saw no official commercial singles, digital or physical, the first for a Björk studio album, though several versions of “Lionsong” exist due to the various supplementary projects that accompanied the original Vulnicura album.


“Stonemilker” is a song recorded by Icelandic singer/songwriter Björk for her ninth studio album, Vulnicura, in 2015. It was written and produced by Björk with beats by Venezuelan musician Arca. “Stonemilker” is Vulnicura’s opening track, and the first of a six-part narrative that details the devastating end of Björk’s relationship to American contemporary artist Matthew Barney. Björk wrote the lyrics on the same Icelandic beach where the innovative 360-degree music video was later shot.

“Stonemilker” was released as a promotional single in some territories in 2015 and received very limited airplay in a shorted radio edit. Unlike all of her previous studio albums, Vulnicura saw no commercially released singles. Despite this fact, several versions of the song have been released across a variety of different media.

The Comet Song

“The Comet Song” is a song by Icelandic artist Björk, written by herself and long-time friend and collaborator Sjón as the title theme of the 2010 movie Moomins and the Comet Chase.[3][4] The song is released as a charity single and all the benefits are donated to the victims of the 2010 Pakistan floods.[5][6]

Björk had previously declared to be a big fan of Moomins, and had worn clothes featuring characters from the series on several occasions.[7]

Mutual Core

“Mutual Core” is a song recorded by Icelandic singer Björk for her eighth studio album Biophilia (2011). It was written and produced by Björk herself, while programming and beats were made in collaboration with Matthew Herbert and the English dubstep band 16bit. “Mutual Core” is an uptempo experimental song. Its music includes Pipe organ, electronica-tinged sounds and features the Choir Graduale Nobili, the choir featured on Biophilia. The song’s lyrics are a metaphor for human relationships, compared to the structure of the Earth and Plate tectonics. The song was well received by contemporary music critics, who praised its production and beats, moreover appreciating Björk’s voice on the track.

As with all the songs on Biophilia, an app was made for the song, which features a video game in which the player have to move geological layers as an accordion to play chords. Though the song wasn’t released as a single, a music video was produced, directed by Andrew Thomas Huang. The video was critically applauded and received further attention when it got projected for one month in Times Square in 2013, and then across the 7 continents. Björk promoted the song by performing it throughout her Biophilia Tour.

Three remixes by Matthew Herbert, 16bit and These New Puritans were released as part of Biophilia Remix Series. The Matthew Herbert’s and the These New Puritans remixes were later included on bastards (2012). In July 2012, the online music store Beatport announced a fan contest in which “Mutual Core” had to be remixed, to be released afterwards on a remix package.

Virus (Björk song)

“Virus” is a song by Icelandic artist Björk released as the third single from the album Biophilia. Each song in the album features a theme related to nature. In “Virus”, Björk explores “fatal relationships” such as the one between a virus and a cell, as Björk explained in an interview: “It’s a kind of a love story between a virus and a cell. And of course the virus loves the cell so much that it destroys it.”[1]

“Virus” features a gameleste (a hybrid between a celesta and a gamelan that can be controlled by midi and that was also used in “Crystalline”, built exclusively for these songs) base that plays through the whole song. The gameleste represents the ‘virus’ that continues multiplying until it takes control at the end of the song.[2] Also, Manu Delago plays hang drum.[3] Since Björk wanted the album to break the typical 4/4 time signature,[4] “Virus” has a time signature of 6/4.

The lyrics to “Virus” talk about “dangerous relationships”, symbiotic relationships in which one organism is parasite for the other and takes a benefit, even changing the other’s behaviour. This fact is used as a metaphor between ‘love’ and ‘parasiting’.[2] Björk took inspitation from a McGraw-Hill educative video about mind-controlling parasites[5] and from candidiasis, illness that she suffered:[6]

I’d been fighting this candida issue in my throat and I had to really change my diet and use different medication and it sort of seems to pop up and its kinda hilarious. It’s like I have this new neighbour that I have to sort of learn to live with. And obviously you know this fungus is inside all of us and it’s never about eliminating it. You have to kind of just live with it.

Crystalline (song)

“Crystalline” is a song by Icelandic artist Björk, released as the lead single from her eighth album Biophilia. The song was released as a single on June 28, 2011[2][3] accompanied by an iPad app developed exclusively for the song. It was afterward released as part of The Crystalline Series alongside the second single from the album, “Cosmogony”.[4]

Moon (Björk song)

“Moon” is a song by Icelandic artist Björk. It is the first track on her album Biophilia and was released as the fourth and final single before the release of the album. Each song in the album features a theme related to nature. In “Moon”, Björk explores the lunar cycles and the effect they have on Earth.

The song “Moon” is based on four different sequences played by four different harpists: Zeena Parkins, Shelley Burgon, Sara Cutler, Carol Emanuel. These sequences repeat throughout the song, resembling the lunar cycles. The song has 17/8 time signature. The lyrics to “Moon” deals with themes such as rebirth, start over and mythology, making reference to the Moon as “adrenalin pearls placed in the gods’ mouths”. About the song, Björk explained: “With each new moon we complete a cycle and are offered renewal —to take risks, to connect with other people, to love, to give. The symbolism of the moon as the realm of imagination, melancholy, and regeneration is expressed in the song”[1]


“Náttúra” is a song written and recorded by Icelandic singer Björk. The track was released as a single promoting the protection of the Icelandic environment.[1] All proceeds from the single will be donated to the Náttúra Foundation, the environmental preservation campaign after which the song is named.[2] The single was initially discovered by Björk’s French language fan website[3] and was later confirmed by the singer’s representatives. It was released on October 20, 2008[1] as an iTunes Exclusive, and had a wide digital release on October 27.[4] The song was given a physical release on April 20, 2009 with a white label vinyl released by One Little Indian’s web shop.[5] The single was included on the deluxe version of Björk’s 2011 album Biophilia.

Declare Independence

“Declare Independence” is a song written and recorded by Icelandic singer Björk. The track was released as the third single from her seventh full-length studio album, Volta. The single was released on January 1, 2008. Björk’s dedication of the song to various independence causes at live performances of the song in Shanghai and Tokyo have caused controversy.[3][4]

The song was originally an instrumental track by British musician and frequent musical collaborator Mark Bell, performed at his live shows as early as November, 2006.[5] Björk later added her vocals and brass arrangement on top.[6] The lyrics are dedicated to the Faroe Islands and Greenland,[7][8][9] islands which currently are constituent nations within the kingdom Denmark, as Björk’s home country of Iceland had been.

Declare Independence was originally meant to be released as the second single from Volta in August, 2007, but due to the worldwide success of the album Björk had to perform more international promotion work than her label One Little Indian had originally planned, meaning that the previously-planned video shoot for “Declare Independence” with Michel Gondry in London couldn’t take place.[10] The deadline for the music video contest for “Innocence” (then slated as the third single) was then brought forward a month to June 10, 2007 so as to provide a finished video able to coincide with a July, 2007 release originally planned for Declare Independence.

Innocence (Björk song)

“Innocence” is a song written and recorded by Icelandic singer Björk. The song was released as the second single from her seventh full-length studio album, Volta. It is co-produced by record producer Timbaland and his protégé Danja. The song was premiered on Björk’s MySpace profile on March 19, 2007 as part of the fan contest to submit ideas for the music video.[1] The single was released exclusively as a digital download on July 23, 2007.

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